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"The craftsmen modeled the harmonious goblets, everyone obeying in operating to a rhythm
its just generated from the quality of the matter and the custom of the moviments apt to
dominate it."Gabriele D'Annunzio, Il fuoco

Glass manufacturing is a distant tradition in Venice. Since the year 1000, there have been traces of
the manufacturing of glass.
Around the end of the XIII° century, The Republic of Venice, forced glassmakers to move to Murano
because they thought in case of a fire, it could burn down the city's mostly wooden buildings.

Torcello is a very romantic and fascinating island in the lagoon. Unlike Burano and Murano, Torcello
is unhabitated. It's Torcello, an Island of Venice reachable from Venice taking the water bus (line N).
Murano: art of glass

The importance of Murano in manufacturing
glass grew all around Europe. What made
Murano's manufacturing unique, was that they
used pure silica extracted from local quartz
pebbles. The majority of the population in Murano
were glassmakers, and they were forbidden to
"The island of light, the harmoniously quiet island, forgotten from the land, voted to the religion of
the sea".
Michel Desforgues
The island of Burano in Venice
The museum of San Francesco, located in the homonym church, conserves ancient archives
revealing the historical passages of the islands, and all kinds of objects dealing with the history of
Chioggia are exposed. Every 3rd week-end of June Chioggia celebrates the "Palio della Marciliana",
that evokes the war between the Serenissima and Genoa in the XIV° century.
Being a seaport, the main economic resource of Chioggia is fishing, but also the production of
radicchio and tourism are very important economic revenues.
How to get there from Venice: take the lines 1 or 82 towards the Lido. Then you have to buy a ticket
for the bus number 11 for Pellestrina. You should arrive in Chioggia in one hour and a half.
manufacturers in Europe the secret of their manufacturing style.
Sand is a peculiar element to prepare a good glass product, and of course Venice has lots of high
quality sand in its shores. Glass is the result of several mixed elements: the sand constitutes the A
specific characteristic of glass is its way of solidification. It takes 1400°C to fond it and then a
temperature of 500°C to maintain the glass fluid.
Glassworkers in Murano were and still are very experienced in manufacturing glass, and for this
reason glass production is a drawing sector of Venetian economy beyond its artistic importance.

Burano is an island of the Venetian lagoon and it's famous for the
production of handmade needle–laces. To trace the origin of lace
production in Venice we have to go back to the year of 1500. Lace
manufacturing is essentially based on the creation of geometrical
drawings like flowers and animals.
With the pass of time, women from Burano became very
experienced in making the lace, scooping the cutthroat competition
of France.
Needle lace manufacturing unfortunately lost importance after the
Serenissima's collapse; a new flowering period in the XVIII century
arrived thanks to the work of Cencia Scarpaiola.
Nowadays it's possible to visit in Burano the Lace Museum.
required a lot of time, in fact women worked busily all day long.
Still today tourists are fascinated by the creative ability of lace workers.
Archaeological remains of the past are still
present in a remarkable state of conditions.
The cathedral of Santa Maria Assunta is in
mosaic representing the Universal Judgement
embellishes the interior walls.
The Estrario Museum contains significant archaeological finds from the Roman, Byzanthine and
medieval periods; near there is the so-called Sedia di Attila, a throne that once was the
Administrator justice seat.
CHIOGGIA, the second little Venice

Chioggia is an island in the south of the Lagoon. It's one of the major fishing ports. It's about 25 km
from the Venice coast.
The small islands, throughout the centuries, were subject to several historic events:
named Sottomarina.
Chioggia, the second little Venice – in the XIV° and XV° century it
became the main principal contest between the Serenissima and the
Republic of Genoa. It was conquered by Genoa (1378) and a couple
of years later by Venice (1380).
The little island of Chioggia is also known to be a second Venice
Venice. Like the Capital, Chioggia has its own main Canal, the Canal
Vena, crossed by 9 brigdes.
Ponte Vigo, that takes you to Piazza Del Vigo, differs from the others
for its majesty. Nowadays Chioggia accommodates the seat of the
Maritime Biological studies of the University of Padua. Therefore
Chioggia has many cultural attractions such as the church
"Sant'Andrea", built during the XVIII° century, the Romanesque tower
which was the place for military defence. The tower conserves the
most ancient tower clock designed by Giovanni Dondi.
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